Common Causes of Conflict
Whatever differences your family may have, those differences need not get in the way of your philanthropic goals. Your challenge is to find ways to channel the bonds of family in the service of a shared vision and anticipate the conflicts that inevitably arise. This slide show provides an overview of the six most common types of conflict; be sure to check out the companion slideshow on six tips for managing family dynamics in family philanthropy.
Six common causes of conflict in family philanthropy (8 slides)
1) Defining conflict in family philanthropy
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines conflict as “a clash between hostile or opposing elements, ideas or forces.” In life, most disagreements are small and manageable; however, when you add family dynamics, money and philanthropy to the mix, conflict can seem overwhelming.
Conflicts within philanthropic families generally fall into one or more of the following six categories.
2) Old family squabbles create conflict for board members
Uncle Fester stole Cousin It’s girlfriend in the fourth grade, and they still can’t bear to be in the same room together—yet both are on the foundation board where they continue acting out their frustrations with each other. Unresolved conflicts stall progress on current issues and make other board members uncomfortable.
3) Control issues erupt between donor(s) and other family members
Mom and Dad really want their kids to be on the foundation board—as long as they don’t oppose any decisions their parents wish to make. Sharing the power to make decisions or allocate funds can be a major issue in families.
4) Family board members try to set boundaries with nonfamily board members
The family board elected two strong community leaders to join them on the board; however, they feel uncomfortable about them joining in family discussions during board meetings. Establishing boundaries between family business and foundation business is crucial.
5) Multi-generational misunderstandings
The senior generation worked hard to start the foundation, but feels the younger generation is a bit spoiled and does not take the mission seriously. The younger generation feels the older generation is out-of-touch with the times and doesn’t enjoy its philanthropy, or understand “new” approaches to giving. Moreover, the foundation only makes grants in the community in which the family business operated (i.e. a small town in the rustbelt). Members of the younger generation no longer live in this town, and they want to allow grants to a broader geographical area. The inability to identify with another’s viewpoint can create substantial conflict between generations.
6) Lack of perspective between family staff and family board members
Cousin Marilyn runs the foundation as her full-time job. Many family members feel that she got the job because she is Uncle Herman’s favorite. Other family members resent her because they have to work for a living outside the foundation and spend their free time attending to foundation business. Meanwhile, Cousin Marilyn feels taken for granted, and under constant stress due to the conflicting interests of other family members. A lack of respect for other’s roles within the foundation structure can cause many misunderstandings between family members.
7) Resentment between nonfamily staff and family board members
Aunt Miriam ran the foundation as a volunteer for 20 years. When she and the board determined that she was no longer able to manage the foundation’s operations, the family hired a professional executive director and began paying her a competitive salary. Aunt Miriam resents the nonfamily staff person and tries to undermine her authority with the other board members. Striking a balance between former leaders and their successors can be a delicate business.
Conclusion: Making conflict work for you
Conflict management and family dynamics are part of life in family philanthropy. That’s why it is important to think about how you might address conflicts more productively by taking proactive measures to prevent them. At the same time, remember that conflict is not necessarily a bad thing; it is often a positive sign of growth within an organization and demonstrates that people are passionate about their work. See our companion slide show on six tips for managing family dynamics in family philanthropy.